1995 Oslo Interim Agreement

The 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement: A Closer Look

The Oslo Interim Agreement, signed between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in September 1995, was aimed at paving the way for a comprehensive peace deal between the two parties. The agreement, also known as Oslo I, acknowledged the PLO as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and established the Palestinian Authority (PA) as an interim self-government authority in parts of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

Key Provisions of the Oslo Interim Agreement

Under the Oslo Interim Agreement, Israel agreed to withdraw its forces from the West Bank and Gaza Strip, while the PLO recognized Israel`s right to exist in peace and security. The agreement also established a timetable for the transfer of certain powers and responsibilities from Israel to the PA, including control over education, health, and social welfare.

In addition, the Oslo Interim Agreement created a Joint Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee to oversee the implementation of the agreement and address any disputes that may arise. The committee was also responsible for coordinating security arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Impact of the Oslo Interim Agreement

The Oslo Interim Agreement was hailed as a major breakthrough in the Middle East peace process, as it represented the first time that Israel and the Palestinians had formally recognized each other`s legitimate claims to statehood. However, the implementation of the agreement proved to be difficult, as both sides faced numerous obstacles and challenges.

One of the key challenges was the issue of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. While the Oslo Interim Agreement did not specifically address the settlement issue, it did establish a framework for negotiating a final status agreement that would resolve the issue of settlements. However, the issue of settlements remained a major stumbling block in the peace process, as Israel continued to build settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, despite protests from the Palestinians and the international community.

Another major challenge was the outbreak of violence and terrorism, which undermined the peace process and contributed to the breakdown of the Oslo Interim Agreement. The suicide bombings and other acts of terrorism carried out by Palestinian groups such as Hamas and Islamic Jihad further eroded Israeli trust in the peace process and made it increasingly difficult for the two sides to reach a final status agreement.


While the Oslo Interim Agreement represented a significant step forward in the Middle East peace process, its implementation proved to be challenging and ultimately unsuccessful. The failure of the peace process and the subsequent violence and terrorism have left both Israelis and Palestinians with deep scars and a sense of distrust towards each other. However, despite the setbacks and challenges, the Oslo Interim Agreement remains an important milestone in the quest for a lasting peace in the Middle East.