Subject Verb Agreement Indonesia

Subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of English grammar that ensures that a sentence is grammatically correct and conveys the intended meaning. It is the agreement between the subject and verb in a sentence that tells the reader who is doing the action and when it is taking place. However, in Indonesia, subject-verb agreement can be a bit tricky for non-native speakers of English. In this article, we will explore some common mistakes in subject-verb agreement in Indonesian English.

One of the most common mistakes in subject-verb agreement is using singular verbs with plural subjects or vice versa. For example, „The students in the class is noisy“ should be „The students in the class are noisy.“ The subject „students“ is plural, so it should be paired with the plural verb „are.“ Similarly, „The book that I read last night were very interesting“ should be „The book that I read last night was very interesting.“ The subject „book“ is singular, so it should be paired with the singular verb „was.“

Another common mistake is using irregular verbs incorrectly. Irregular verbs do not follow the regular pattern of adding „-s“ to the end of the verb when used with a singular subject. For example, „I have a book that I loves“ should be „I have a book that I love.“ The irregular verb „love“ does not follow the pattern of adding „-s“ when used with a singular subject.

In addition, subject-verb agreement can be affected by the use of compound subjects. A compound subject is a sentence that has two or more subjects connected by „and.“ In this case, the verb should agree with the number of the compound subject. For example, „My brother and I is going to the beach“ should be „My brother and I are going to the beach.“ The compound subject „my brother and I“ is plural, so it should be paired with the plural verb „are.“

Furthermore, subject-verb agreement can be affected by the use of collective nouns. Collective nouns refer to a group of individuals, but they are treated as singular nouns in English grammar. For example, „The team is working hard to win the game“ should be „The team are working hard to win the game.“ Although „team“ refers to a group of individuals, it is treated as a singular noun in English grammar, so it should be paired with the singular verb „is.“

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is an essential aspect of English grammar that is crucial for effective communication. In Indonesia, non-native speakers of English may face some challenges in subject-verb agreement. By avoiding common mistakes such as using singular verbs with plural subjects or vice versa, using irregular verbs incorrectly, and being mindful of compound subjects and collective nouns, non-native speakers of English can improve their subject-verb agreement skills and communicate more effectively in English.